St. Peter's Anglican Church - Cobourg

COPYRIGHT (c) 2018 Michael Stephenson

No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted by any means including photocopying or electronic transfers, without written permission.

A small log cabin, built in 1798, standing alone in the primeval forest, was the nucleus of the pretty town of Cobourg. Four years later the first store was erected, having it's site on or near where King St. now is. Then settlers, men of stout hearts and strong arms, women of undaunted fortitude who bravely faced and endured hardship and privation, began to come in and rear for themselves homes from the unbroken wood. To us today theirs seems a formidable undertaking, going forth from their primitive dwellings day after day to war against the forest trees and hew them down, making for themselves and their children an abiding place where they could still dwell under the protecting folds of the flag for which they had borne and endured so much. The war of 1812-1815 was followed by several bad seasons, especially 1816, which was unusually cold and during which old settlers say there was frost in every month of the year. Wheat and corn did not ripen, fodder and provisions were scarce and dear, but amid all the deprivation and hardship and cruel necessities that marked the first years of settlement life we find a people still clinging to the tenets of their fathers' faith. For when this pretty town was but a hamlet surrounded by primeval forest, the Church of England was ministering to the spiritual needs of the people. Side by side with the foundation of the commercial prosperity of these later days; with the enterprising energy of a race of men who are doing their share toward building up a nation on the northern half of this continent; with the independence and stern adherence to principle and right that characterizes men of thought and action who are striving to bring this Canada of ours into first rank among the nations of the world; with the nucleus of an educational system which is the pride of our land; was laid the foundation of principle and a faith which has proven itself an indestructible basis upon which to build character and life and which has transfused its divine, converting, regenerating power into every age, teaching to all men the glory of the cross.

It is not known when the first Anglican service was held, nor when the first church was built. This data may, perhaps, be found in the legendary lore that, although Canada is a young nation, is entwined around her history. The church registers, however, go back to 1819, and from that day until the present have been carefully kept.

It is altogether probable that the clergyman then in charge was a travelling missionary and had many other stations among his list but among the members enrolled in those early days as active adherents of the church appear some still familiar to us, viz. Mr. Jas Bethune, Mrs. E. Jones and Capt. and Mrs. Boswell. During the year 1825 we find the register signed by Rev. A. R. Bethune, Minister of Grimsby, U.C., who was afterward appointed Rector of the Parish and in July 1827, Rev Samuel Armour, rector of Cavan, father of Mr. Justice Armour, officiated in the Cobourg Episcopalian mission. Of the building where these people worshipped we know little, but the oldest preserved records show that it was a frame structure, built previous to the year 1820. When "by license and authority in the year 1827 Rev Alexander Neil Bethune was appointed to the mission of Cobourg, district of Newcastle, Canada" the energy and business capacity of the devoted man of God began to make itself felt. The "burying ground" of the church was immediately laid out, and soon, too soon, that quiet "God's Acre" was marked by many a mouldering mound that told that death had late been reaping. Soon after this a subscription was raised and the church painted inside and out. Not however until the year 1836 was Mr. Bethune formally installed into the rectorate of the town of Cobourg by the venerable Archdeacon of Kingston pursuant to missives from His Excellency, Sir John Colborne, to the Lord Bishop of Quebec.

As the short summer seasons came and went many important changes were brought by the ceaseless hands of time. The little patches of late sown wheat and barley that greened and goldened in the sunshine, the plots of Indian corn that proudly waved its plumes and put forth its silken tassels in clearings at the edge of the forest shade, gave way to broader fields; into the opened glades, unlit before since forests grew or rivers ran, there leaped the sun's bright rays-creative heat and light; where mighty trees for centuries had stood were reared thousands of homes and soon instead of an unbroken wilderness a vast Dominion stretched from sea to sea.

"a land of labour but of sure reward

a land of corn to feed the world withal

a land of life's rich treasures , plenty, peace

a land of men to rule with sober law

this part of Britain's Empire

Loyal as were their fathers and as free"

And as the sturdy Episcopalians kept pace, with the progress and improvement everywhere evident, the quaint old wooden church that fronted the passing highway with its tiny tipped spire gleaming in the sunlight became inadequate for the people's needs and with enthusiasm the great work of building a new church was entered into and resulted in the erection of the nave of the present handsome, substantial edifice with side galleries in 1854, which on a memorable morning, the anniversary of which, is still held dear by our older residents, was dedicated to the service of God. The organist on this auspicious occasion was the late Mrs King Cameron, to whom a graceful tribute is paid in the church records acknowledging "the long and efficient services of their organist, especially the aid rendered by her in the choir." The presentation of the address from which this paragraph is taken was accompanied by a gift of 10 pounds.

Notable among the educational institutions of those days was the flourishing Divinity School where many of the older clergy were educated. The building still stands and is now the Queen Street School.

Prominent among the names of the churchmen recorded at that time appear Messrs. Asa A. Burnham, E.J. Boulton, D'Arcy Boulton, Wm. Graveley, H.I. Ruttan, Judge Boswell, J. Vance Boswell, Hon. G. J. Boulton and R. D. Chatterton. After a successful pastorate of 41 years Archdeacon Bethune was elected second Bishop of Toronto in 1867. A brass tablet in the Chancel informs us that the beautiful decorations of the Chancel are a memorial to the esteem in which their beloved rector was held, but sublime in its simplicity, more enduring than laboured epitaph or fulsome eulogy is the real monument of this great and good man of God existant today in the loving memories entombed in the hearts of his people.

Archdeacon Bethune was succeeded by Rev. Canon Stennett, M.A. Immediately the church gave evidence of fresh vigor. Strenuous and successful efforts were at once made to pay off liabilities and effect repairs. Undaunted by difficulties the present beautiful chancel was erected, a grand new pipe organ, that is still the pride of the congregation, was procured and choir brought down from the gallery to the chancel. Soon the west-end Sunday School room, a pretty useful little building standing on William St. was erected principaly through gifts and the energy of the Misses Ley.

Among the good works planned by the late Rev. Canon Stennett was the building of the present handsome and convenient mortuary chancel in St. Peters Cemetery. Bur ere the building was erected, he who had spent much time and thought in devising ways and means for its construction was suddenly called to solve the last great mystery of death and cross the threshold of immortal life. Truly it might be said "Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord, they rest from their labors and their works do follow them."

Canon Stennett's kindness to the poor as well as the many good works done by him will not soon be forgotten, not only by members of his own congregation but by people throughout the town. A beautiful memorial window bearing the figure of the Good Shepherd was erected to his memory.

But the success and prosperity that attended St. Peters congregation in the past has been brilliantly eclipsed by the events of the past five or six years.

In March 1889, the scholarly, genial rector Rev. Canon Spragge, M.A., who still presides over this people was appointed. If the energy, the liberality and spiritual advancement displayed by a congregation are correct criterions of a successful pastorate, and we think they are, then has that of Canon Spragge been successful in the highest degree. The mortuary chapel was built and paid for. In it have been placed beautiful windows by Mrs. Crawford, Mrs. Hargraft, Mrs. Stennett and Mrs. Roe-Buck. The church property has been much improved. The corner lot was acquired and a much more convenient , substantial and beautiful Sunday School building erected thereon. The unsightly side galleries were removed from the interior of the church, and the old pews were taken away and replaced by comfortable and handsome seats. Perhaps, however, the feature that adds most artistic improvement are the beautiful stained glass windows which are admired by all who see them. The memorial windows are very beautiful, each one is a grand work of art in itself. They are erected to the memories of the late Mr. R. S. Chatterton and his wife, the late Mr. Wm. Eyre and the late Mrs. Chambliss. Besides there is a window erected by a lady of the congregation as a thank offering. Not only the church but the recory also has been greatly improved. In all, over twelve thousand dollars have been spent during the past few years and the part most encouraging to the rector and most creditable to the church officials and congregation is that offerings for outside objects have not fallen off. Canon Spragge has not had the assistance of a curate with which his predecessors were favored excepting for a short time during the past year when the illness of the rector made clerical help a necessity. But although for the most part as far as the duties of the ministry are concerned Canon Spragge has labored single handed, ever ready to assist him have been a devoted band of church workers.

Mr. E. H. Osler was the peoples warden for about ten years and was always to the front where work had to be done. Messrs. Burns, Boggs and Black have at different periods acted for the rector and done their part well. At present Mr. Wm. Black is the people's warden and Mr. D. Roberts the rector's warden.

One of the oldest societies in the church is the Woman's Auxiliary of Missions, which has been doing a good work for a number of years. The efficient officers are: President, Mrs. Spragge; Vice-President, Mrs. Barber; Secretary, Mrs. E. H. Osler; Treasurer, Miss Eyre; Treasurer of parish mission collections, Mrs. L. Woodcock.

A junior branch of this society is also among the successful organizations of the church. This is under the excellent superintendence of Mrs. D. McNaughton, who is ably assisted by Mrs. J. Featherstone, Miss Caddy and Mrs. Pyfrom. It is well officered with Miss T. Holland for president; Miss W. Pyfrom, treasurer; Miss H. Barr, secretary.

Another live society is St. Peter's Guild for parish work exclusively. They visit the sick, look after strangers and seek to assist the rector in any way the he desires or suggests. The officers are: Honorary President, Rev. A. W. Spragge; president, Miss Lizzie Weller; vice-president, Mrs. T. Niles; secretary-treasurer, Mrs. C. B. Craig. The first work undertaken by the guild was the purchase of a very fine organ for the Sunday School. They have since given large amounts to the wardens for different objects in connection with the church.

The Chancel Guild, as the name indicates, takes charge of the chancel, sees to the arrangements of flowers for the services, looks after the linen and communion service and performs many other duties which willing hands can render in connection with the sanctuary. There are ten or twelve members presided over most efficiently by Mrs. Buck with Miss F. Cruso as secretary-treasurer.

The Sunday School is well attended and the work efficiently carried on by faithful teachers. In the school next the church Mrs. Osler has for years conducted most successfully a young mans bible class, which has been largely attended. The young womans’ bible class was in charge of the rector until the time of his late illness, since which time Mr. H. Boggs has taken efficient charge. Mr. J. W. Bickle has superintended the west end Sunday School for a number of years with great faithfulness and success.

The choir has been trained and led by Mrs. C. B. Craig for the past six months and their singing shows abundant evidence of her great musical ability and painstaking effort. All regret the prolonged illness of the organist, Miss Davidson, who has been greatly missed. The church wardens, however, were fortunately successful in securing the services of Miss King, who has ably fulfilled the duties of organist for the past few months. Mr. James M. Dickenson, Drexel Institute, Philadelphia, will have charge of the organ and choir during the summer session.

It has also been found necessary to engage a curate to assist Canon Spragge for a couple of months, while the congregation is so largely augmented by summer visitors.

Last but not least in the list of successful organizations is a Boy's Brigade instituted on the 20th of last May, at which time a goodly number of boys joined and every successive meeting has served to increase their ranks. The membership is not confined to boys belonging to the church but any boy who wishes to join will be made welcome. The officers are as follows: Warden, Rev. W. A. Spragge; drill instructor, W. H. Floyd, Esq; captain, Wilfred Argue; 1st Lieut. Willie Henderson; 2nd Lieut. Samuel Clarke; Sargeants, Wearman Gifford; Harry

Oldham, Seymour Collings.

Search the Ontario Genealogy Website

Historical Visits to Ontario Villages and Towns  Take a trip back in time to the late 19th century and explore the towns and villages where your ancestors lived, loved, laboured, laughed and played.

Ontario Images of the Past   Thousands of Images of City, Town, Village and Country Life

Ontario Land Registry Records Research Thousands of your ancestors and where they lived in Ontario

Upper Canada (Ontario) Newspaper Notices Database 

Ontario (Upper Canada) History and Pioneer Family Research 

Queen's Own Rifles - Old Photos of Members 

Upper Canada District Maps (Circa 1800) 

Upper Canada (Ontario) History Books On-Line Index

Ontario County Directories Victoria, Haliburton, Hastings, Peterborough, Durham, Northumberland, Muskoka, and Old Ontario County

  Central Upper Canada (Ontario) Marriage Database 22650 Marriage Records Indexed 

  Central Upper Canada Baptism Database 25000 Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic and Church of Scotland Marriages indexed

Upper Canada (Central Ontario) Burial Database 4500 Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist and Church of Scotland Burials indexed

  Eastern Upper Canada Marriage Database 1200 Anglican, Roman Catholic and Church of Scotland Marriages indexed

  Eastern Upper Canada Baptism Database 3000 Anglican, Roman Catholic and Church of Scotland Baptisms indexed

  Eastern Upper Canada Burial Database

Upper Canada Land Petitions 51000 Records Indexed

  Upper Canada Land Leases and Miscellaneous Petitions 10000 Records Indexed 

Upper Canada (Ontario) Sundries Database 

  Upper Canada (Ontario) Toronto Insane Asylum Database

  Upper Canada (Ontario) Kingston Insane Asylum Database

  Upper Canada (Ontario) London Insane Asylum Database 

  Upper Canada (Ontario) Malden Insane Asylum Database

  Upper Canada (Ontario) Hamilton Insane Asylum Database

  Ontario Genealogy Historical Newspaper Collection  Historical Newspaper Files from various regions of Ontario 

NEWSPAPER Genealogical and Historical Records - Thousands of entries

  Ontario (Upper Canada) Map Collection  Great site for locating your ancestors in Ontario

Ontario Genealogy Postcard Site - Great old-time landscape views

  Upper Canada and Ontario CRIMINAL Database 

Ontario Genealogy Database Index Site 400 000 Genealogy Records Indexed

 Join the Ontario Genealogy mail list now. Discussion group for genealogy and history of the Province of Ontario post 1867, or join the Upper Canada (Ontario) mail list now, discussion group for genealogy and history of Upper Canada prior to 1867.

Subscribe: Type subscribe in message subject and body.

Ontario Genealogy Mail List

Upper Canada Genealogy Mail List

Need HELP With Your Family Research?...

Northumberland County Genealogy and History

Victoria County Genealogy and History

Durham County Genealogy and History

Haliburton County Genealogy and History

Peterborough County History and Genealogy

Newcastle District (Upper Canada) History and Genealogy

Ontario County History and Genealogy

Upper Canada History and Genealogy

Echoes of the Past - Ontario Genealogy Home

Search the Ontario Genealogy Website