Geography, Topography and Geological Features

The County of Victoria occupies a position about the most central of any in the Province. Its geographical boundaries are formed by the District of Muskoka, and a portion of the County of Haliburton on the north; the Counties of Ontario on the west, Durham on the south, and Peterborough and Haliburton on the east. Its integral parts consist of the following named municipalities : Town of Lindsay, villages of Bobcaygeon, Fenelon Falls and Omemee, and townships of Bexley, Carden and Dalton, Eldon, Emily, Fenelon, Laxton, Digby and Longford, Mariposa, Ops, Somerville and Verulam.

The area included within these limits is 705,324 acres, or a trifle more than 1,102 square miles. Only a comparatively small portion of this extent is arable, while the percentage advantageously adapted to agricultural pursuits is still smaller. The two front tiers of townships - Emily, Ops, Mariposa, Eldon, Fenelon and Verulam - embrace almost all the entire acreage of desired lands, and of these, the front or southern tier - Emily, Ops, Mariposa - contain much more of a first-class quality than those immediately in their rear, though the latter also contain a very large proportion of superior land, with which nature has intermingled considerable areas of indifferent quality.

The general surface varies greatly in character and appearance, as does the soil in the degrees of excellence. The most south-westerly township of the County, Mariposa, is by far the most attractive in appearance, as well as the most valuable as a grain-producing region. Its surface is gently undulating, with an absence of considerable elevations, and but few evidences of the other and less desirable extreme of swamps, such of the latter that exist being of small areas and not sufficiently depressed to allow their utilization for grazing or other useful purposes. Ops, immediately to the west of Mariposa, is characterized by a greater projection of swamp than the latter, though the general features of the two are very similar, the soil being principally a most serviceable grade of clay, overlaid, in the more depressed localities, with a considerable depth of vegetable mould. To Emily, which occupies the most easterly place in this tier, the same remarks will apply, as descriptive of its general features. It is a somewhat better township than Ops, though inferior to Mariposa. 'to be continued'

Search the Ontario Genealogy Website

Historical Visits to Ontario Villages and Towns  Take a trip back in time to the late 19th century and explore the towns and villages where your ancestors lived, loved, laboured, laughed and played.

Ontario Images of the Past   Thousands of Images of City, Town, Village and Country Life

Ontario Land Registry Records Research Thousands of your ancestors and where they lived in Ontario

Upper Canada (Ontario) Newspaper Notices Database 

Ontario (Upper Canada) History and Pioneer Family Research 

Queen's Own Rifles - Old Photos of Members 

Upper Canada District Maps (Circa 1800) 

Upper Canada (Ontario) History Books On-Line Index

Ontario County Directories Victoria, Haliburton, Hastings, Peterborough, Durham, Northumberland, Muskoka, and Old Ontario County

  Central Upper Canada (Ontario) Marriage Database 22650 Marriage Records Indexed 

  Central Upper Canada Baptism Database 25000 Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic and Church of Scotland Marriages indexed

Upper Canada (Central Ontario) Burial Database 4500 Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist and Church of Scotland Burials indexed

  Eastern Upper Canada Marriage Database 1200 Anglican, Roman Catholic and Church of Scotland Marriages indexed

  Eastern Upper Canada Baptism Database 3000 Anglican, Roman Catholic and Church of Scotland Baptisms indexed

  Eastern Upper Canada Burial Database

Upper Canada Land Petitions 51000 Records Indexed

  Upper Canada Land Leases and Miscellaneous Petitions 10000 Records Indexed 

Upper Canada (Ontario) Sundries Database 

  Upper Canada (Ontario) Toronto Insane Asylum Database

  Upper Canada (Ontario) Kingston Insane Asylum Database

  Upper Canada (Ontario) London Insane Asylum Database 

  Upper Canada (Ontario) Malden Insane Asylum Database

  Upper Canada (Ontario) Hamilton Insane Asylum Database

  Ontario Genealogy Historical Newspaper Collection  Historical Newspaper Files from various regions of Ontario 

NEWSPAPER Genealogical and Historical Records - Thousands of entries

  Ontario (Upper Canada) Map Collection  Great site for locating your ancestors in Ontario

Ontario Genealogy Postcard Site - Great old-time landscape views

  Upper Canada and Ontario CRIMINAL Database 

Ontario Genealogy Database Index Site 400 000 Genealogy Records Indexed

 Join the Ontario Genealogy mail list now. Discussion group for genealogy and history of the Province of Ontario post 1867, or join the Upper Canada (Ontario) mail list now, discussion group for genealogy and history of Upper Canada prior to 1867.

Subscribe: Type subscribe in message subject and body.

Ontario Genealogy Mail List

Upper Canada Genealogy Mail List

Need HELP With Your Family Research?...

Northumberland County Genealogy and History

Victoria County Genealogy and History

Durham County Genealogy and History

Haliburton County Genealogy and History

Peterborough County History and Genealogy

Newcastle District (Upper Canada) History and Genealogy

Ontario County History and Genealogy

Upper Canada History and Genealogy

Echoes of the Past - Ontario Genealogy Home

Search the Ontario Genealogy Website